We have fat tissue all over the body. This tissue is made of adiposities (fat cells) whose sole job is to store energy in the form of fat. Body fat distribution differs from person to person. There are generally two types of fat storage:
Visceral (Fat which surrounding Abdominal organs)
Subcutaneous (beneath the skin – about 80% of all body fat), This Subcutaneous fat is removed by Liposuction.
- Women – generally around the buttocks and thighs: “pear-shaped”.
- Men – generally around the abdomen: “apple-shaped”.
Note that these are the predominant patterns – but both ‘apple’ and ‘pear’ shaped distribution can be found in either gender.
Estrogen (female hormone) increase fat storage in the body. Estrogen cause fat to be stored in the buttock , thighs and hips in women, when women reach menopause and the estrogen produced by the ovaries declines, fat migrates from their buttocks ,hips and thighs to their waists ( belly) .
Males generally deposit fat around waists and abdomen apple shape due to lack of estrogen.
Specific Areas Knee Fat often builds up on the inside region of the knees in most of women. Upper Arm Also common in women, fat build up can occur in the middle to upper area of the upper arm. Abdomen Fat build-up around the navel area is common in both men and women. Love handle or tyres is due to abnormal fat deposition over tummy area. It is also one of the few fat deposits that are also found in slim women. Inner Thigh Fat storage between the thighs is common in the women – but also occurs with the men. It is more noticeable in women due to the width of the pelvis that in turn influences the position of the thigh Outer Thigh Sometimes called “Riding Breeches” – this area is the most likely place for the pitted or ‘quilted’ appearance of cellulite. This fat concentration also blends with fat tissue on the inner thigh and the buttocks. Buttocks Without fat here – sitting would be quite uncomfortable. Fat is held in place by the gluteal fold. If significant fat is lost from the buttock, then only appropriate training can prevent the buttock from sagging down against the thigh. Lower Back This fat concentration often merges with the buttock area. Chest Breast tissue comprises the mammary gland (one’s ‘endowment’) surrounded by fat. Men also have atrophied glands and fat in this area. Both sexes gain fat in this area. In men this can sometimes be mistaken for the condition of gynecomastia – a condition that includes not only fat build up, but growth in gland tissue
Gender and Ethnic Variation
There is considerable research showing that fat distribution varies between gender and ethnic groups. For example men have an overall less body fat percentage than woman and Asian adults are more prone to visceral and central obesity than Europeans. Mediterranean women are prone to fat gain in the outer thighs.